Fly Casting Techniques
There are many fly fishing techniques/fly casting techniques that not only help to catch more fish, these techniques can be fun to use and can save lives (well not really but certainly save injuries on windy days).
There are many casts other than those listed below and techniques that we dabble in from time to time such as the parachute cast, rats nest cast, and steeple cast to name but a few, and we always love it when clients teach us something new which inevitably happens quite often as the range of casts, techniques and other little tricks out there is pretty much never ending and is what truly makes fly fishing so challenging and rewarding us one can never get bored on this never ending quest for fly fishing and casting perfection. See the "sexy loops" or "Spey Caster's Glossary" websites for more fantastic tips and techniques.
Arial casting including the Double Haul. There are many different over-head casts and many different theories and ideas as to which is the best and most correct way of doing things. The following is my current opinion on what is technically best practice. As I fish the Tongariro a lot, distance is a factor. I believe that the best cast is pretty much achieved by standing with your feet close together pointed in the direction that you want the flies to go (a lot of people will disagree with this but never mind). Your casting hand should move in a straight line past your shoulder with you your elbow bending in, brushing your side almost and then extending (basically). What works for me is a stiff-ish wrist with the thumb on the top of the rod butt pointing down the line of the rod to the tip (I do have a bit of wrist movement - particularly with shorter casts). To get the correct arm motion, imagine throwing a ball. The problem with turning your feet around and placing your left foot further forward if you are a right hander is that casting general requires false casting i.e. firing the rod tip both forward and backwards and I believe that the best way to achieve equality in both directions is to line up straight forward. A trick to get used to the ideal motion is to stand with your casting shoulder against a wall staring down the line of the wall. Imagine a line running parallel to the floor that is at shoulder height. Move your hand back and forwards along this line fully extending your arm in both directions with your thump acting as pointer. For shorter casts the same applies accept use shorter arm movements i.e. don't fully extend. Many people will disagree with this, and you may find a better way yourself, but keeping everything moving in a straight line definitely results in better tracking, tighter loops and hence better casting.
Tongariro Roll Cast
The Tongariro Roll Cast - is a spey/roll casting technique achieving incredible distance - on my best days 90 - 95 feet of fly line from the reel to the indicator plus a rod and half of leader, 4mm tungsten bomb and glow bug. Consistently over 80 feet from reel using a 9 foot 8 weight rod and fly line. The tongariro roll cast was developed accidentally as a practical technique fly fishing New Zealand's Tongariro river.
Single Handed Snake Roll
The Single Handed Snake Roll Cast -is a spey casting technique developed by casting expert Simon Gosworth (I saw it on a spey casting video). It is a pretty handy technique requiring less movements than the Tongariro Roll Cast an is hence disturbs the water very little and looks pretty cool.
Single Handed Double Spey
The Single handed Double Spey Cast is in my opinion one of the most useful casting techniques for a single handed fisherman. There is really only one other way when nymphing to get the line back up and out that requires less movements or effort but the single handed double spey goes further and more accurately so I use this a lot.